Image description

Life Sciences

Image description

Published yearly: 

4 Issues

______________________

ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)

______________________

Editor-in-Chief

Dr. Santosh Pawar 


INDEXED IN

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

___________________________________________________________________________________

Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2016; 4(3):427-431   |    Available online, November 3, 2016

Control of penicillium expansum Link Causing Blue Mold of Pear Using Some Fungicides

 


Baviskar RN and Dekate HM                                

 

Department of Botany, ICLES’ M. J. College, Vashi, Navi Mumbai.

Email: baviskar_ramesh@yahoo.co.in

Received: 22.07.2016   |   Accepted: 13.08.2016    |  Published : 03.11.2016

Blue mold of pear is caused by Penicillium expansum Link. Thom. ex. is one of the most serious post harvest disease in India. Total twenty three isolates of P. expansum were isolated from infected pear fruits for sensitivity tested against carbendazim on Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) medium. Sensitivity of these isolates to carbendazim was determined using food poisoning method. In vitro Minimum Inhibition Concentration (MIC) for carbendazim was determined; isolate Pe-9 MIC-750.6µg/ml was sensitive while isolate Pe-15 MIC-970.3 µg/ml was tolerant. In vivo Pe-9 MIC-1900.2µg/ml was sensitive. Pe-15 MIC-2470.3µg/ml was tolerant. Carbendazim resistant mutant (Pe-EMS-10, MIC-4850.6µg/ml) is equally important to manage using different fungicides. P. expansum was tested against carbendazim and other fungicides viz. dithane Z-78, polyram, acrobat, kocide, dithiocarbmate, thiobendazole and diphenylamine. In vitro results revealed that the Percentage Control Efficacy (PCE) values range at 50% Conc. (44.02 - 49.28%) while at 100% Conc. (50.89 - 61.39%) individually and in mixture with carbendazim increased its PCE from at 50% Conc. (55.39 - 68.98%) while at 100% (68.72 -73.57%). In vivo PCE at 50% Conc. (51.62 - 56.95%) individual and mixture (57.25 - 59.26%) while at 100% from alone (58.32 - 69.36%) and in mixture (71.63 - 79.82%) PCE further increased and without fungicide served as control.

 

Key word: Pear, blue mold, Penicillium expansum, carbendazim resistant, fungicides.

 

 

_________________________________________________________________________

Editor: Dr. Arvind Chavhan

___________________________________________________________________________________ 

Cite this article as:

Baviskar RN and Dekate HM (2016) Control of penicillium expansum Link Causing Blue Mold of Pear Using Some Fungicides, International J. of Life Sciences, 4 (3): 427-431

 

 

_________________________________________________________________________

Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

_________________________________________________________________________

Copyright: © 2016 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

_________________________________________________________________________

 

Abdelfettah Maouni, Ahmed Lamarti, Anouar Aidoun, Mustapha Kaddor and Alain Badoc (2007) Effect of benzimidazole fungicides and calcium chloride on Alternaria alternata and  Penicillium expansum rot during storage of pears. African journal of Biotechnology Vol. 6(11) pp 1289-1292.


Amrani N and Najiim L (1985) Contribution to study of microscopical fungal of Morrocco.2. Alternaria alternate, microsclerotia and chlamydospores cryptogam,  Journal of  Mycology  6: 265-270.


Blacharski R W, Bartz JA, Xiao CL and Legard DE (2001) Control of post harvest Botrytis fruit rot with preharvest fungicide applications in annual strawberry. Plant Disease 85: 597-602.   


Chamorn Manreet and Yasujoshi Hayata (2006) Antifungal activity of Tio2 Photo catalysis against Penicillium expansum in vitro and in fruit tests. International J. of Food Microbiology. 107: 666-668.


Cohen E (1989) Evaluation of fenpropimorph and flutriafol for control of sour rot, blue and green mold in lemon fruits.  Plant Disease. 73: 807-809.


Dahiwale M and Suryawanshi N S (2011) Integrated management of carbendazim resistant Alternaria alternataLife Sci. journal Bioinfolet. 8(1): 67-68.


Hassani EL (1991) Influence des traitements chimiques au Drencher sur l’incidence des pourritures a Penicillium expansum sur poires en conservation.Memoire de 3e cycle, IAVHassan II of Rabat, Morrocco.


Forster B and Staub T (1996) Basis for use strategies of anilinopyrimidin and phenylpyrrole fungicides against Botrytis cenerea. Crop Protection 15: 529-537.


Gangawane LV (1981) Fungicide Resistant in crop protection. Journal of Pesticides 15(11): 12-16.


Goepfert JM (1980) Verduras, hortalizas, frutas, frutos secos y susproductos Ch.21. pp 335–338. In: Ecología Microbiana de los Alimentos,Vol II. Ed. Acribia, Zaragoza, Espana.


Koffmann and Penrose LJ (2003) Fungicide for the blue mould (Penicillium Spp.) in pome fruits. Scientia Horti 31(3-4) 225-232.

Latorre BA, Lillo C, and Rioja ME (2001) Eficacia de los tretamientos fungicidas para el control de Botrytis cenerea de la vid en function de laepoca de application. Cien. Inv. Agr. 28:61-66.  


Maouni A, Lamarti A, Douira and Badoc A (2002) Etude de la ressistance d Alternaria alternate et Penicillium expansum aux fungicides lors de la conservation des poires. Bull.Soc. Pharm. Bord 141: 61-72.


Dahiwale MA, Baviskar RN and Suryawanshi NS (2009) Integrated Management of  Alternaria alternata causing fruit rot of Pomegranate. Journal of Bioinfolet  6(1): 44-45.


Dahiwale MA and NS Suryawanshi (2010) Integrated Management of Carbendazim Resistant Alternaria alternata using Homoeopathic medicines. Journal of  Bioinfolet 3(2) 330-331.


Nene Y L and Thapliyal P N (1992) Fungicide in plant disease control. Oxford and IBH Publ.Co. Pvt. New Delhi. 212-349.


Ramdani A  (1989) Les pourritres a Penicillium expansum Link ex. Thom. Des pommes et des poires dans une station frigorifique de la region de Meknes: Problemes et remedes. Memorie de 3e cycle, IAV Hassan II of Rabat, morocco.


Selmaoui K and Douira A (1999) Microscelerotia Alternaria alternata. J. Phytophol. Mediterr. 38: 43-46.

Staub T and Sozzi D (1984) Fungicide resistant. Plant Diseases. 68: 1026-1031.


Wedge DE, Smith BJ, Quebedeaux JP and Constantin RJ ( 2007) Fungicide management strategies for control of  strawberry fruit rot diseases in louisiana and Mississippi. Crop Protection 26: 1449-1458.


Wicks T (1977) Tolerance to benzimidazole fungicide in blue mold (Penicillium expansum) on pears. Plant Dis. Rep. 61: 447-449.

 


IJLSCI EVENTS

National Conference 

COMING SOON


ADVERTISEMENT

 
















    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF

    LIFE SCIENCES

    Print ISSN : 2320-7817 

    Online ISSN:2320-964X

    UGC Approved Journal No. 48951


    EDITORIAL OFFICE

    46, Guruwandan, Jawahar Nagar, 

    VMV Road, Amravati- 444604

    Maharashtra, India.

    Tel  + 91- 9970559438

    Email: editor@ijlsci.in