Image description
Image description

Published yearly: 

4 Issues

______________________

ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)

______________________

Editor-in-Chief

Dr. Santosh Pawar 


INDEXED IN

REVIEW ARTICLE

___________________________________________________________________________________

Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2016; 4(4):451- 460   |    Available online, 27 January, 2017

A review of Neonatal mortality in Dogs

 

 

Ogbu KI1, Ochai SO2, Danladi MMA3, Abdullateef MH1, Agwu EO1 and Gyengdeng JG1

1Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute Vom, Plateau State

2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Natural Science, Plateau State University, Bokkos, Plateau State, Nigeria

3Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria

*Correspondence: kenike_mary@yahoo.com; +2348030852357


Received: 01.11.2016   |      Accepted: 04.12.2016       |         Published : 27.01.2017

Neonatal period within veterinary medicine is considered to be the transitional phase from fetal to adult life during which there is changes in structural and functional systems of the animal. It is also the period when the systems of the animal move from the physical, chemically, and microbiologically protected environment of the uterus to face the adaptive requirement for survival in a complex environment. Neonatal mortality in dogs has caused a lot of loss among dog breeders and has always posed threats on the survival of young dogs especially exotic breeds. The causes of neonatal mortality in dogs are multi-factorial. Some of the risk factors may be classified as fetal, maternal, environmental and scoring risk factors. Proper knowledge on the associated risk factors will help to reduce the rate of neonatal mortality in dog thereby improving on dog breeding.

 

Key words: Bacterial contamination, Dog, Milk, Neonatal mortality, Review


_________________________________________________________________________

Editor: Dr. Arvind Chavhan

___________________________________________________________________________________ 

Cite this article as:

Ogbu KI, Ochai SO, Danladi MMA, Abdullateef MH, Agwu EOand Gyengdeng JG (2016) A review of Neonatal mortality in Dogs, International J. of Life Sciences, 4 (4): 451-460.


_________________________________________________________________________

Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

_________________________________________________________________________

 

Copyright: © 2016 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

_________________________________________________________________________


Andersen AC (1957) Puppy production to the weaning age. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 130: 151 - 158.


Andersen AC (1965) Reproduction ability in the female Beagle in relation to advancing age. Experimental Gerontology, 1: 189 - 192.


Appel M and Gillespie JH (1972) Canine distemper virus. In: Virology Monographs. II, Gard, S., Hallauer, C. and Mayer, K. F. (Ed.) Springer-Verlag, New York, 1 - 96.


Blunden AS (1998) The neonate: Congenital defects and fading puppies. In: Manual of Small Animal Reproduction and Neonatology, Simpson, G. M., England, G. C. W. and Harvey, M. (Ed.). British Small Animal Veterinary Association, 143 - 152.


Blunden AS (1986) A review of the fading puppy syndrome (also known as fading puppy complex). Veterinary Annual, 26: 264 - 269.


Bright JM and Holmberg DL (1990) The cardiovascular system. In: Veterinary Pediatrics, Hoskins, J. D. (Ed.) W. B. Saunders Co, Philadelphia, 249 - 269.


Bulgin MS, Ward ACS and Sriranganathan N (1984) Abortion in the dog due to Campylobacter species. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 45: 555 - 556.


Carmichael LE (1976) Canine brucellosis: an annotated review with selected cautionary comments. Theriogenology, 6: 105-116.


Center SA, Hornbuckle WE and Hoskins JD (1990) The Liver and Pancreas. In. Veterinary Pediatrics. J. D. Hoskins (Ed.). W. B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia. 205 - 248.


Chandler ML (1990) Canine neonatal mortality. Society for Theriogenology. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting, 234 - 253.


Crighton GW (1968) Symposium: Neonatal diseases of the dog. III: Thermal regulation in the newborn dog. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 9: 463 - 472.


Depp R (1986) Clinical evaluation of fetal status. In: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Danforth, D. N. and Scott RJ(Ed.) JB Lippincott Company Philadelphia , 770 - 803.


Dzuik PJ and Harmon BG (1969) Succession of foetuses at parturition in the pig. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 30: 419 - 421.


Evans JM (1978) Neonatal mortality in puppies .In: Refresher Course for Veterinarians . No 37: Canine Medicine. Sydney Postgraduate Committee in Veterinary Science, 127 - 139.


Fogh JM and Fogh IT (1988) Inherited coagulation disorders. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Small Animal Practice, 18: 231 - 243.


Fox MW (1963) The clinical behavior of the neonatal dog. Journal of the American Veterinarian Medical Association, 143: 1331 - 1335.


Fox MW (1965) The pathophysiology of neonatal mortality in the dog. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 6: 243 - 254


Gill MA (2001)  Perinatal and late neonatal mortality in the dog university of Sydney pp15.


Gillette DD and Filkins M (1966) Factors affecting antibody transfer in the newborn puppy. American Journal of Physiology. 210: 419 - 422.


Glastonbury JRW (1976) A survey of preweaning mortality in the pig. Australian Veterinary Journal. 52: 272 - 276.


Greene CE (1984a) Canine viral enteritis. In: Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases in the Dog and Cat, Green. C. E.(Ed) W. B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia, 437 - 460.


Greene CE (1984c) Immunoprophylaxix and immunotherapy. In: Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases in the Dog and Cat. Green. C. E.(Ed) W. B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia, 321 - 355.


Greene CE and Kakuk TJ (1984) Canine herpesvirus infection. In: Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases in the Dog and Cat. Greene, C. E., W. B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia, 419 - 429.


Greene CE and Prestwood AK (1984) Coccidial infections. In: Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases in the Dog and Cat. Greene, C. E. (Ed) W. B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia, 824 - 858.


Guilford WG (1987) Primary immunodeficiency diseases of dogs and cats. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian, 9: 641 - 648.


Hashimoto A, Hirai K and Suzuki Y (1983) Experimental transplacental transmission of canine herpesvirus in pregnant bitches during the second trimester of gestation. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 44: 610 - 614.


Hernandez MJ, Vannucci RC, Salcedo A (1980) Cerebral blood flow and metabolism during hypoglycemia in newborn dogs. Journal of Neurochemistry, 35: 622 - 628.


Higgins RJ, Krakowka S and Metzler AE (1981) Canine Distemper virus-associated cardiac necrosis in the dog. Veterinary Pathology, 18: 472 - 486.


Jezyk PF (1983) Metabolic diseases - An emerging area of veterinary pediatrics. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian, 5: 1026 - 1032.


Johnson CA, Grace JA and Probst MR (1987) The effect of maternal illness on perinatal

Johnston SD and Raksil S (1987) Fetal loss in the dog. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Small Animal Practice, 17: 535 - 554.


Jones DE and Joshua JO (1982) Reproductive Clinical Problems in the Dog. Wright, P.S.G, Bristol.


Jones RL (1987) Special considerations for appropriate antimicrobial therapy in neonates. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Small Animal Practice, 17: 577 - 620.


Karimuribo ED, Kusiluka LJ, Mdegela RH, Kapaga AM, Sindato C and Kambarage DM (2005) Studies on mastitis, milk quality and health risks associated with consumption of milk from pastoral herds in Dodoma and Morogoro regions, Tanzania. Journal of Veterinary Science 6(3): 213 – 221.


Kivaria FM, Noordhuizen JPTM and Kapaga AM (2006a) Evaluation of the hygienic quality and associated public health hazards of raw milk marketed by smallholder dairy producers in the Dar es Salaam region, Tanzania. Tropical Animal Health Production 38: 185 - 94.


Krakowka S, Hoover EA, Koestner A and Ketring K (1977) Experimental and naturally occurring transplacental transmission of canine distemper virus. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 38: 919 - 922.


Lawler DF (1989) Care and diseases of neonatal puppies and kittens. In : Current Veterinary Therapy X, Kirk,(Ed).W.B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia, 1325 - 1333.


Leipold HW (1978) Nature and causes of congenital defects of dogs. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Small Animal Practice, 8: 47 - 78.


Lenghaus C and Studdert MJ (1982) Generalized parvovirus disease in neonatal pups. Journal of the American Veterinarian Medical Association, 81: 41 - 45.


Linde-Forsberg L and Eneroth A (1998) Parturition. In: Manual of Small Animal Reproduction and Neonatology.


Macintire DM (1994) Emergencies of the female reproductive tract. In: The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice, 24 (6): 1173 - 1188.


Makerere University, School of Veterinary Medicine, (2011) Dairy Products Quality and Safety Module. 38pp.

Mantovani A, Restani R and Sciarra D (1961) Streptococcus L infection in the dog. Journal Small Animal Practice, 2: 185 - 194.


Mosier JE (1978) The puppy from birth to six weeks. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Small Animal Practice, 8: 70 - 100.


Percy DH, Carmichael LE and Albert DM (1971) Lesions in puppies surviving infection with canine herpesvirus. Veterinary Pathology, 8: 37 - 53.


Potkay S and Bacher JD (1977) Morbidity and mortality in a closed foxhound breeding colony. Laboratory Animal Science, 27: 78 - 84.


Redwood DW and Bell A (1983) Salmonella panama: Isolation from aborted and newborn canine fetuses. Veterinary Record, 112: 362 - 365.


Renfield ML (1975) The small for date infant. In: Neonatology: Pathophysiology and Management of the Newborn, Avery, G. B. (Ed), J. B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia, 189 - 199.


Robinson EP (1983) Anaesthesia of pediatric patients. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian, 5: 1004 - 1011.


Robinson WF, Wilcox GE and Flower RLP (1979) Evidence for a parvovirus as the aetiological agent in myocarditis of puppies. Australian Veterinary Journal, 55: 294 - 295.


Sprecher DJ, Leman AD, Dzuik P, Cropper M and DeDecker M (1974) Causes and control of swine stillbirths. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 165: 698 - 701.


Sturgess, K (1998) Infectious diseases of young puppies and kittens. In: Manual of Small Animal Reproduction and Neonatology, Simpson, G. M., England, G. C. W. and Harvey, M.(Ed.).British Small Animal Veterinary Association, 159- 166.


Svendsen J and Bille N (1981) Reducing baby pig mortality. In: Diseases of Swine, Leman, A.D. et. al.(Ed). The Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, U.S.A.


Wrathall AE (1971) An approach to breeding problems in the sow. Veterinary Record, 86: 61 - 71. 

 

IJLSCI EVENTS

ADVERTISEMENT

 
















    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF

    LIFE SCIENCES

    Print ISSN : 2320-7817 

    Online ISSN:2320-964X

    UGC Approved Journal No. 48951


    EDITORIAL OFFICE

    46, Guruwandan, Jawahar Nagar, 

    VMV Road, Amravati- 444604

    Maharashtra, India.

    Tel  + 91- 9970559438

    Email: editor@ijlsci.in