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Life Sciences

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Published yearly: 

4 Issues

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ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)

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Dr. Santosh Pawar 


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ORIGINAL ARTICLE

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Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2016; 4(4):539- 546   |    Available online, February 01, 2017

Encapsulation of Lactic acid bacteria in calcium alginate beads for higher bacteriocin production

 

 

Khandare SS1 * and   Patil SD2   

 

 

1 Department of Microbiology, J. B. College of Science, Wardha -442001, M. S. , India

2Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology,  Shri Shivaji Science College, Amravati – 444 603, M. S. , India

 *Corresponding author : Email : ksuhas21@gmail.com

 

Received: 04.10.2016   |      Accepted: 04.11.2016       |         Published : 01.02.2017

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains LAB -A, LAB -B and LAB-C isolated from batter of idli, very popular fermented food of south India and identified to species level using 16 S rRNA sequencing as  Pediococcus acidilactici CSI29MX, Pediococcus parvulus MF 233 and Pediococcus pentosaceus QN1D  respectively. All the three strains produced bacteriocins that inhibited Gram positive food borne pathogen Staphylococcus aureus and Gram negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa. LAB strains were encapsulated in calcium alginate for possible higher bacteriocin production. After 72 h encapsulated LAB demonstrated remarkable increase in bacteriocin production with 2600 and 2800AU/ml tested against S.aureus and P.aeruginosa respectively and viable cell number of encapsulated LAB increased from 4.5 x106 to 6.3 x106/ml during 24 to 72 h as compared to free cells with 1100 AU/ml and 1000AU/ml, against  S.aureus and P.aeruginosa respectively and decreased remarkably with free cells from 4.2 x106 to 1.2 x106/ml after 24 h. Encapsulated L. acidophilus MTCC 10307 , standard strain exhibited 2000 AU/ml and 2200 AU/ml compared to free cells with 1100 and 900 AU/ml. The isolates Pediococcus acidilactici CSI29MX, Pediococcus parvulus MF 233 and Pediococcus pentosaceus QN1D  showed higher potential for bacteriocin production than L. acidophilus MTCC 10307. 

 

Key words: P. acidilactici CSI29MX, P. parvulus MF 233, P. pentosaceus QN1D, Encapsulation, Bacteriocin production, food borne pathogens

 

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Editor: Dr. Arvind Chavhan

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Cite this article as:

Khandare SS and   Patil SD (2016) Encapsulation of Lactic acid bacteria in calcium alginate beads for higher bacteriocin production, International J. of Life Sciences, 4 (4):539-546.

 

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Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright: © 2016 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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