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Life Sciences

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Published yearly: 

4 Issues

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ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)

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ORIGINAL ARTICLE

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Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2017; 5(1):87-92      |    Available online, 06 April, 2017

Histological changes in gills and liver of fishes in river Sutlej as an effect of Buddha Nullah pollution at 

Ludhiana


 

Aditi Jaidka and Hundal SS


Department of Zoology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana- 141004 (Punjab), India

Corresponding author E mail: jaidka.aditi@yahoo.in

Received: 16.12.2016 | Accepted: 19.03.2017 | Published : 06.04.2017

Buddha nullah serves as a reservoir of industrial and sewage effluents of Ludhiana, Punjab containing high levels of toxic chemical discharged directly into river Sutlej. This leads to deterioration in the water quality and is a serious threat to fish fauna of the river. The study aims to investigate the level of changes in the histological architecture of gills and liver of fish from 3 sampling sites - 2km downstream in river Sutlej after the confluence with Buddha Nullah, 2 km upstream in river Sutlej after the confluence with Buddha Nullah and 5 km upstream in river Sutlej after the confluence with Buddha Nullah caused by Buddha Nullah pollution. Significantly higher histological abnormalities were observed in fish species collected from downstream area than upstream. Complete secondary lamellar fusion, breakage and degeneration of secondary epithelium, detachment of secondary epithelium, necrosis of lamellae, vasodilation of secondary lamellae, haemorrhage and vasodilation in primary lamellae were found in the gills of fish inhabiting polluted waters. In contrast, fish captured from 5 km upstream site (non polluted site) showed milder alterations limited to ruptured secondary epithelium only. Histology of liver showed vacuolization of hepatocytes, degenerative hepatocytes, necrosis and disruption of normal architecture in the fish from polluted sites whereas the sections of the tissues from fish collected from non polluted site of the river Sutlej exhibit a normal structure of hepatocytes with a rare occurance of mild necrosis The study clearly exhibits the deleterious effect fish vital organs even after a small extent of exposure to contaminated natural waters.

 

Keywords:  Histopathology, Cyprinus carpio, Gills, Liver, Water pollution


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Editor: Dr. Arvind Chavhan

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Cite this article as:

Aditi Jaidka and Hundal SS (2017) Histological changes in gills and liver of fishes in river Sutlej as an effect of Buddha Nullah pollution at Ludhiana, International J. of Life Sciences, 5 (1):87-92. 

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Acknowledgement:

The authors are grateful to University Grands Commission (UGC) for financial assistance under Major Research Project sanctioned to corresponding author. The facilities provided by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), the Government of India, through the All-India Coordinated Research Project on Pearl Millet Improvement Program (AICRP-PM) is also gratefully acknowledged.

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Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright: © 2017 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF

    LIFE SCIENCES

    Print ISSN : 2320-7817 

    Online ISSN:2320-964X

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