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ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)

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ORIGINAL ARTICLE

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Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2017; 5(4): 577-586             |        Available online, December 05, 2017

Biocontrol efficacy of selected mosquitocidal bacteria 


Sivakami V1*, Kannan S1, Rajendran J2 and  Selvaraj Pandian R3,


1Department of Environmental Sciences, 2Department of Genetics, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

3Former Professor, Department of Zoology, The American College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

*Correspondence author email: vsivakamisudhakar@gmail.com      

Received: 25.10.2017   |   Accepted: 13.11.2017   |     Published : 05.12.2017

Insect species represent the largest percentage of the world’s known species. They are undoubtedly the most adaptable life forms existing on the Earth. Less than 0.5 percentage of the total number of the known insect species are considered as pests. Among these, mosquitoes pose a major threat to public health by transmitting diseases like malaria, dengue, chikungunya etc. Only four classes of chemical insecticides have been approved by WHO with less target sites. Indiscriminate use of these synthetic insecticides and resultant selection pressure on insect populations has caused many mosquito species remain resistant to widely used insecticides. Hence, alternative approach has been initiated to use biological agents. This biocontrol strategy is important in order to counter the evolution of resistance in target populations and possible effects on non target organisms. Unlike chemical insecticides, biocontrol agents are host specific, safer to the environment, find easy application in the field, long-lasting effect with single application and cost effective production. In this context, this paper reviews about the important mosquitocidal bacteria and their efficacy against different mosquito species.

 

Keywords: Mosquitocidal, Insecticides, resistance, biocontrol agents

 

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Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan

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Cite this article as:

Sivakami V, Kannan S, Rajendran J and Selvaraj Pandian (2017) Biocontrol efficacy of selected mosquitocidal bacteria.; International J. of Life Sciences, 5 (4): 577-786.


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Acknowledgement

The paper is dedicated with deep reverence to Late Professor UC Goswami, Former Professor and Head of Department of Zoology, Gauhati University, Assam, India who inspired the authors for molecular and in-silico analysis of Retinoids and Carotinoids.

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Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright: © 2017 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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