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ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)

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Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2017; 5(4): 613-619            |        Available online, December 08, 2017

Spider diversity in different habitats at Jaintia Hills of Meghalaya 


Bhattacharya Anindita1*, Chetri Mahadev1  and  Sarkar Prabal2

 

1Department of Earth Science (Environmental Science)

2Department of Zoology, University of Science and Technology, Meghalaya (India)

*Corresponding author e-mail : anindita_bhattacharya1@rediffmail.com

 

Received: 16.09.2017   |   Accepted: 17.11.2017   |  Published : 08.12.2017

Large scale destruction of the forest habitat along with the expansion of  urban area may affect the distribution pattern of different spider species. Hence a study was conducted from January to April, 2017 to find out the distribution of spider in different habitats at Jowai area in Jaintia Hills of Meghalaya, India. For this, five numbers of quadrat each with 50m X 50m was plotted in forest, shrub habitats and five numbers of houses, and different techniques were followed. Once spider was sighted, they were photographed and then released immediately. Data was collected in three consecutive days alternately for 9 days per month during morning and evening hours. Data analysis was done using the Shannon-Wiener Diversity Index and Pielou’s Evenness Index. Study found 24 species of spider belonging to 10 families in Jowai area of Meghalaya. Family Araenidae was represented by the highest number of spider. Web spider was dominant (45%) in comparison to other in terms of number. Species diversity was 2.17 and evenness was 0.7 which further indicates the abundance of different species in different habitats. Interestingly, more number of spiders was found in the forest area in comparison to shrubs and human habitation. This clearly indicates that conversion of the forest land into urban habitat leads into variation in distribution and abundance of spider in this area.

 

Key words : Spider, species diversity, Jowai, Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya.

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Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan

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Cite this article as:

Bhattacharya Anindita, Chetri Mahadev and Sarkar Prabal (2017) Spider diversity in different habitats at Jaintia Hills of Meghalay; International J. of Life Sciences, 5 (4): 613-619. 

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Acknowledgment

The authors would like to extend their gratitude to the local people for extending their help and support during the study period. The authority of University of Science and Technology, Meghalaya is also highly acknowledged for encouragement.. 

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Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright: © 2017 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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