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Published yearly: 

4 Issues


ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)



Dr. Santosh Pawar 




Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2017; 5(4): 506-516             |        Available online, November 21, 2017

Begait cattle production systems and production performances in northern Ethiopia


Gebretnsae Mezgebe1*, 3, Solomon Gizaw2, Mengistu Urge3 and Arvind Chavhan4


1Department of Animal Sciences, Asosa University, P.O. Box: 18, Asosa, Ethiopia

2 International Livestock Research Institute, P.O. Box: 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

3Department of Animal and Range Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O. Box: 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

4Department of Zoology, Digambarrao Bindu ACS, Bhokar, Dist Nanded, MS, India

Correspondence: Tel: +251-915-941-344, E-mail:


Received: 25.07.2017   |   Accepted: 13.10.2017    |      Published : 21.11.2017

The study was conducted to describe production systems and production performance of Begait cattle under small-scale and large-scale farms. Data were collected from 180 (120 small-scale and 60 large-scale) households through filed observation and direct interviews, and analyzed using descriptive statistics and analysis of variance. Households in both production scales considered income generation, calf production, and milk production as major purpose of keeping cattle. The mean analysis of variance of livestock holdings size were; 41, 31, 22, 9 and 2 for cattle, sheep, goats, chicken, and donkey, respectively. Except sexual maturity of breeding bull, production scale had significant (P<0.05) influence on other productive and reproductive traits. Large-scale farmers had significantly higher in daily milk yield and life calf born and also recorded shorter calving interval, age at first calving and dry period of cow than small-scale farmers. Though, there is difference on the level of impact, both large-scale and small-scale farms stressed by theft, water scarcity, seasonal feed shortage, and disease prevalence. From the current result, it is conclude that the observed herd size and milk production performance of Begait cattle is high compared to the indigenous cattle breeds in Ethiopia. Thus, the current breeding practices of Begait cattle farmers’ need a designing appropriate selective breeding program to maintain this valuable genetic resource and improve their contribution to livelihoods of their keepers.


Key words: cattle, production system, trait preferences, breeding practices


Editor: Dr.R.G. Jadhao


Cite this article as:

Gebretnsae Mezgebe, Solomon Gizaw, Mengistu Urge and Arvind Chavhan (2017) Begait cattle production systems and production performances in northern Ethiopia; International J. of Life Sciences, 5 (4): 506-516.



The study was funded by Ethiopian Ministry of Education (EMOE) through Haramaya University (HU). The authors are grateful to EMOE and HU for giving this opportunity. We also acknowledge for Bgaite cattle farmers, people and institutes who directly or indirectly contributed for the accomplishment of this study.


Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.



Copyright: © 2017 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.



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