Image description

Published yearly: 

4 Issues

______________________

ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)

______________________

Editor-in-Chief

Dr. Santosh Pawar 


INDEXED IN

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2017; 5(4): 697-702          |                 Available online, December 31, 2017

Lifestyle Determinants of Hypertension among Female School Teachers


Sarah Jane Monica*1, Sheila John1 and Madhanagopal R2

 

1Department of Home Science, Women’s Christian College, Chennai: 600 006, Tamilnadu, India.

2Department of Statistics, Madras Christian College, Chennai: 600 059, Tamilnadu, India.

*Corresponding author : Sarah Jane Monica, Ph.D Research Scholar, Department of Home Science, 

Women’s Christian College, Chennai: 600 006, Tamilnadu, India

Email id: sarahjane.monica@gmail.com

Received: 12.08.2017    |     Accepted: 15.12.2017    |      Published : 31.12.2017

Hypertension is a major component of metabolic syndrome, coronary artery diseases and cerebrovascular diseases. Factors contributing to this rising trend in hypertension include urbanization along with changes in dietary habits and lack of physical activity. Working woman always bears a dual role responsibility one in family and the other at job. Teachers represent one of the most important, largest and productive sectors delivering cognitive knowledge to students. The objective of the present study was to determine the risk of hypertension among female school teachers and various lifestyle determinants contributing to it. The study was conducted in Chennai city on 200 female school teachers. Anthropometric indices such as height, body weight, body fat percent and waist circumference were measured. BMI was calculated and blood pressure was recorded. Statistical significance was accepted at (p<0.05). The prevalence rate of pre-hypertension and hypertension was found to be 20% and 12% respectively. Age, waist circumference, body fat percent and personal history of diabetes was significantly associated with hypertension (p<0.05).  Health based strategies focusing on appropriate preventive measures for early diagnosis and treatment should be included for school teachers as it helps to improve their overall health.


Keywords:  Teachers, hypertension, risk factors, health strategies.

_________________________________________________________________________

Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan

___________________________________________________________________________________ 

Cite this article as:

Sarah Jane Monica, Sheila John and Madhanagopal R (2017) Lifestyle Determinants of Hypertension among Female School Teachers; International J. of Life Sciences, 5 (4): 697-702.

 

____________________________________________________________________________


Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

____________________________________________________________________________

 

Copyright: © 2017 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derives License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

_________________________________________________________________________

 

Almeida VCF, Zanetti ML, Almeida PC, Damasceno MMC (2011) Occupation and risk factors for type 2 diabetes: a study with health workers. Rev Latino Am Enfermagem. 19: 476-484.


Cheung BMY, Cheung TT (2012) Nice new hypertension guidelines. World J Hypertens. 23; 2(5):45-9.


Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, Cushman WC, Green LA, Izzo JL Jr, et al.  (2003) The seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure: the JNC 7 report. JAMA. 289:2560-2572.


Erhum WO, Olayiwola G, Agbani EO, Omotoso NS (2005) Prevalence of hypertension in a university community in South West Nigeria. Afr J Biomed Sci. 8: 15-19.


Greiw ASH, Gad Z, Mandil A, Wagdi M Elneihoum A (2010) Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases among school teachers in Benghazi, Libya. Ibnosina J Med BS. 2(4): 168-177.


Joshi SR (2003) Metabolic Syndrome – emerging clusters of the Indian phenotype. J Assoc Physicians Indian. 51-445-446.


Kyriacou.C (2001) Teachers stress: directions for future research. Edu Rev. 53(1): 27-35.


Lohman TG (1986) Applicability of body composition techniques and constants for children and youths. In Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. KB Pandolf. New York: Macmillan. pp 325–357.


Misra A, Vikram NK, Gupta R, Pandey RM, Wasir JS and Gupta VP (2006) Waist circumference cutoff points and action levels for Asian Indians for identification of abdominal obesity. Int J Obes. 30: 106–111.


Mohan V, Mathur P, Deepa R, Deepa M, Shukla DK, Menon GR et al. (2008) Urban rural differences in prevalence of self-reported diabetes in India; The WHO – ICMR Indian NCD risk factor surveillance. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 80: 159-68.


O’Donovan G, Blazevich AJ, Boreham C, Cooper AR, Crank H, Ekelund U. et al. (2010)The ABC of physical activity for health: A consensus statement from the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences. J. Sports Sci. 28: 573-591.


Ogah OS and Rayner BL (2013) Recent advances in hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa. Heart. 99(19):1390–1397.


Perk J, Backer G, Gohlke H, Graham I, Reiner Z, Verschuren WM et al. (2012) The Fifth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice. Int J Behav Med. 19(4):403-88.


Pouliot MC, Despres JP, Lemieux S, et al. (1994) Waist circumference and abdominal sagittal diameter: best simple anthropometric indices of abdominal visceral adipose tissue accumulation and related cardiovascular risk in men and women. Am J Cardiol.  73: 460-468.


Shukla R (2010) NSHIE 2004-2005 Data National Council of Applied Economic Research. How India spends and saves. Unmasking the real India sage New Delhi.


Singh M, Sing G (2006) Assessment of mental health status of middle aged female school teachers of Varanasi city. Int J health. 5(1): 6-18.


Sofi F, Capalbo A, Cesari F, Abbate R, Gensini GF (2008) Physical activity during leisure time and primary prevention of coronary heart disease: An updated meta-analysis of cohort studies. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 15: 247-257


WHO/IASO/IOTF: The Asia Pacific Perspective: Redefining Obesity and its Treatment. 2000 Health Communication Australia Pty, Ltd.


WHO, A global brief on Hypertension: Silent killer, global public health crisis. Geneva: World Health Organization. 2013; 7-19.


World Health Organization, World Health Day 2013. A global brief on hypertension. Geneva:WorldHealthOrganization;2013.(http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/79059/1/WHO_DCO_WHD_2013.2eng.pdf?ua=1).


WHO, “Global status report on non-communicable diseases 2014,” 2014, http://www.who.int/nmh/publications/ncd-statusreport- 2014/en/.

IJLSCI EVENTS

ADVERTISEMENT

 
















    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF

    LIFE SCIENCES

    Origin & Evolution

    Print ISSN : 2320-7817 

    Online ISSN:2320-964X

    UGC Approved Journal No. 48951


    EDITORIAL OFFICE

    46, Guruwandan, Jawahar Nagar, 

    VMV Road, Amravati- 444604

    Maharashtra, India.

    Tel  + 91- 9970559438  |   9420775527  

    Email: editor@ijlsci.in | editorijlsci@gmail.com