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Published yearly: 

4 Issues


ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)



Dr. Santosh Pawar 




Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2017; 5(4): 730-741       |                 Available online, December 31, 2017

Traditional Use of wild  plants  for  food  in  West Sikkim,  India


Tamang Mahendra1*,  Pal Krishan1  and Santosh Kumar Rai2  


1Department of  Botany, Sri Venkateshwara University, Gajraula, U.P., India

2Department of Botany, Sikkim University, Sikkim, India

*Principle Investigator  Email:   



Received: 30.10.2017    |    Accepted: 19.12.2017   |     Published : 31.12.2017

Study of Wild plants which are used for medicine, food and tools is known as the study of ethnobotany (how people utilised plants). Present study is carried out in West Sikkim firstly because of it richness in ethnic and floral diversity and secondly due to the location of Kanchendzonga National Park which is a world heritage site. The study was conducted between August 2015– October 2017 to understand, explore and assess the present status of local ethno-edible plants. The prime objective of the present research work includes documentation of the ethnobatanical diversity, their distribution and the pattern of their utilisation and conservation of Wild Edible plants resources in the west Sikkim including Kanchenjunga Biosphere reserve The present research work is based on a survey conducted on Wild Edible Plants. The data which were collected through structured questionnaire and interview of 90 respondent (Both Men and Women). Then the survey was followed by a process of sample collection from entire west Sikkim which includes all the protected areas. It was then followed by a standard literature for their correct identification. The herbarium is deposited in botanical Survey of India, Gangtok, Sikkim.  In the present study 124 plants species, 100 genera of 61 families had been recorded out of which there are 44 herbs, 10 Shrubs, 54 trees and 16 Climbers  which are used by local people as food . It was observed that the availability of these plants is decreasing at an alarming rate. This observation also reveals that habitat destruction, over exploitation and unplanned agriculture were the reason for depletion of edible plants. Therefore, the edible plants,  used as food by local people need urgent conservation.


Keywords: Ethno-botany , Wild Edible plants  , West Sikkim


Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan


Cite this article as:

TamangMahendra,  Pal Krishan  and Santosh Kumar Rai (2017) Traditional Use of Wild  Plants  for  Food  in  West  Sikkim,  India; International J. of Life Sciences, 5 (4): 730-741. 


Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.



Copyright: © 2017 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derives License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.



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