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Published yearly: 

4 Issues

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ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)

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Editor-in-Chief

Dr. Santosh Pawar 


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ORIGINAL ARTICLE

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Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2017; 5(4): 561-569             |        Available online, December 05, 2017

Biological Management of South American Tomato Moth (Tuta Absoluta Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) In Ethiopia


Feyissa Begna1 and Arvind Chavhan2*

 

 

1Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center, Ziway, Ethiopia,  P.O.Box 35, Ziway, Ethiopia

2Department of Life Sciences, Digambarrao Bindu ACS College, Bhokar, DIst Nanded, MS, India

Phone : (251) 04 64 4190 03   | Fax :(251) 04 64 41 91 08   | Mobile :(251) 09 21478062

*E-mail : drarvindchavhan@gmail.com | fbos2009@gmail.com

 

Received: 24.07.2017  |     Accepted: 1.12.2017   |    Published : 05.12.2017

South American tomato moth (Tuta absoluta Meyrick) is one of the production constraints of Solanaceous crop of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). The trial was conducted using irrigation at Melkassa Agricultural Resarch Center (MARC) during 2014 off season to determine the optimum rate and frequency, and evaluate the efficacy of Bacillus thuringiensis var kurstaki against T. absoluta. The miya variety was used for this experiment. The experiment was laid out in RCBD with three replications. Bacillus thuringiensis was tested at 1 and 2 kg/ha in 7, days of foliage application in addition coragen as the standard check and the untreated check was included for comparison. The different doses of Bacillus thuringiensis were no variation on egg density and agronomic characters such as plant height, number of flower and fruit per cluster, and fruit set percentage. All treatments foliar application minimizing the leaf damaged score compared with untreated check. Coragen and 2kg/ha of B.t in weekly application were gave the maximum marketable yield, lowest fruit infestation percentage and fruit holes with T.absoluta and minimizing yield loss. Bacillus thuringiensis var kurstaki whichare medium efficacy in controlling T.absoluta after the study compared with the standards check. It is an important component of integrated pest management so more extensive studies for integrating of Bacillus thuringiensis with botanicals and biological control methods including predator and parasitoids of control measures against T.absoluta would contribute to sustainable tomato production in Ethiopia.

 

Key words: Tomato, Bacillus thuringiensis, coragen, tuta absoluta, miya

 

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Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan

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Cite this article as:

Feyissa Begna and Arvind Chavhan (2017) A morphological study of the evolution of eight Organisms through a morphological phylogeny; International J. of Life Sciences, 5 (4): 561-569. 


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Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright: © 2017 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF

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    Origin & Evolution

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