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ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)

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Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2018; 6(1): 79-86       |                 Available online, February 24, 2018

Determination of nutritional potential of five important wild edible fruits traditionally used in Western Himalaya


Rana YS, Tiwari OP*, Krishan R and Sharma CM

 

 

Department of Botany, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand-246174, India

*Corresponding author Email: omtiwari99@gmail.com

Received : 05.10.2017     |   Accepted : 11.01.2018    |         Published : 24.02.2018

Wild edible fruiting plants sustain numerous organic phytochemicals and significantly contribute to the nutritional security of mankind that have been linked to the promotion of good health. However, the detailed analysis of health promoting organic compounds and nutritive minerals present in these fruits were explored very little in the Himalayan region. In the present investigation, nutritional potential of five wild edible fruits of the plant species like Rubus ellipticus Smith, Rubus paniculatus Smith, Benthamidia capitata Wllichex. Roxb, Coriaria nepalensis Wllich and Pyracantha crenulata D.don. were evaluated by determining proximate nutrient and mineral analysis. This study indicated that highest carbohydrates (80.71g/100g) and protein (10.49g/100g) was recorded in P. crenulata and C. nepalensis respectively, however, fat (4.56g/100g), sugar (27.95g/100g) and energy value (373.28 Cal/100g) were recorded maximum in R. paniculatus. Contrary to this the mineral composition in all fruits varied greatly and maximum nitrogen value (1.67%) was found in C. nepalensis, whereas minimum (1.35%) in P. crenulata. The Phosphorous was recorded highest (56.83%) in R. ellipticus and lowest (30.55%) in C. nepalensis. However, the Calcium was found greater (63.76 mg/100g) in R. paniculatus while lower (53.06mg/100g) in R. ellipticus fruit. The study revealed that these wild fruits exhibited high nutritional composition therefore, could be used as supplementary diet in mountain region and should be promoted to conserved and enhanc their genetic diversity.

 

Key words: Organic phytochemical; nutritional potential; Energy value; Supplementary diet

 

 

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Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan

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Cite this article as:

Rana YS, Tiwari OP, Krishan R and Sharma CM (2018) Determination of nutritional potential of five important wild edible fruits traditionally used in Western Himalaya, Int. J. of. Life Sciences, Volume 6(1): 79-86. 

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Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright: © 2018 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derives License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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