Image description

Published yearly: 

4 Issues


ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)



Dr. Santosh Pawar 




Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2018; 6(1): 137-142       |                 Available online, March 04, 2018

Influence of cadmium in the testicular recrudescence of fresh water teleost, Rasbora dandia

Rajan Priya and Kuzhivelil Balu T*



Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Christ College (Autonomous), Irinjalakuda, University of Calicut, Kerala-680 125, India

*Corresponding author Email:  

Received : 28.11.2017     |     Accepted : 11.02.2018      |     Published : 04.03.2018

Heavy metals are one of the major pollutants influencing aquatic ecosystems. Toxic heavy metals often interfere with the normal physiological processes of organisms in various levels. Cadmium is a heavy metal with no known biological function, raising severe threat to the environment. In the present study influence of cadmium on the testicular recrudescence of Rasbora dandia is evaluated. R. dandia were exposed to three sublethal doses of cadmium (0.1 ppm, 0.2 ppm and 0.3 ppm) from February to May during which active gonad development take place before the onset of breeding season associated with south west monsoon in Kerala, India. At the end of the exposure period, control fishes became sexually mature with abundant ripe spermatozoa in the tubular lumen of the testis. Initial stages of spermatogenesis were prominent in cadmium treated fishes indicating that the testes were still in the recrudescence condition. However, reduction in ripe spermatozoa was observed in cadmium exposed fishes. GSI was found to be declined significantly by increasing concentrations of cadmium exposure during gonadal recrudescence.


Key words- Gonadal recrudescence, cadmium, testis, Rasbora dandia



Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan


Cite this article as:

Rajan Priya and Kuzhivelil Balu T(2018) Influence of cadmium in the testicular recrudescence of fresh water teleost, Rasbora dandia, Int. J. of. Life Sciences, Volume 6(1): 137-142. 


Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.



Copyright: © 2018 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derives License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.


Amutha C and Subramanian P (2013) Cadmium alters the reproductive endocrine disruption and enhancement of growth in the early and adult stages of Oreochromis mossambicusFish Physiology and Biochemistry39(2): 351-361.

Arcand‐Hoy LD and Benson WH (1998) Fish reproduction: an ecologically relevant indicator of endocrine disruption. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry17(1): 49-57.

Beyers DW, Rice JA, Clements WH and Henry CJ (1999) Estimating physiological cost of chemical exposure: integrating energetics and stress to quantify toxic effects in fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences56(5): 814-822.

Bhattacharya S (1992) Endocrine control of fish reproduction. Current Science, 63:135-139.

Ciereszko A and Dabrowski K (1994) Relationship between biochemical constituents of fish semen and fertility: the effect of short-term storage. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry12(5): 357-367.

Coward K, Bromage NR, Hibbitt O and Parrington J (2002) Gamete physiology, fertilization and egg activation in teleost fish. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries12(1): 33-58.

Duruibe JO, Ogwuegbu MOC and Egwurugwu JN (2007) Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxic effects. International Journal of Physical Sciences2(5): 112-118.

El-Ebiary EH, Wahbi OM and El-Greisy ZA (2013) Influence of dietary cadmium on sexual maturity and reproduction of Red Tilapia. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research39(4): 313-317.

Giesy JP and Graney RL (1989) Recent developments in and intercomparisons of acute and chronic bioassays and bioindicators. Hydrobiologia188(1): 21-60.

Goksøyr A (2006) Endocrine disruptors in the marine environment: mechanisms of toxicity and their influence on reproductive processes in fish. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A69: 175-184.

He ZL, Yang XE and Stoffella, PJ (2005) Trace elements in agroecosystems and impacts on the environment. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology19(2):125-140.

Hong S, Candelone JP and Boutron CF (1996) Deposition of atmospheric heavy metals to the Greenland ice sheet from the 1783–1784 volcanic eruption of Laki, Iceland. Earth and Planetary Science Letters144: 605-610.

Jadhao AG, Paul PL and Rao PD (1994) Effect of cadmium chloride on the pituitary, thyroid and gonads in the catfish, Clarias batrachus (Linn.). Functional and Developmental Morphology4(1): 39-44.

Kim YJ, Lee N, Woo S, Ryu J C and Yum S (2016) Transcriptomic change as evidence for cadmium-induced endocrine disruption in marine fish model of medaka, Oryzias javanicusMolecular and Cellular Toxicology12(4): 409-420.

Kime DE (1998)  Endocrine Disruption in Fish. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, pp: 81-107.

Kime DE (1999) A strategy for assessing the effects of xenobiotics on fish reproduction. Science of the Total Environment225(1): 3-11.

Kirubagaran R and Joy KP (1992) Toxic effects of mercury on testicular activity in the freshwater teleost, Clarias batrachus (L.). Journal of Fish Biology41(2): 305-315.

Liley NR and Stacey NE (1983) Hormones, pheromones and reproductive behavior. In Fish Physiology. Volume 9B, Eds., Hoar WS, Randell DJ and Donaldson EM, Academic Press, New York, pp: 1–63.

Ma G, Lin H, and Zhang W (1995) Effects of cadmium on serum gonadotropin and growth hormone in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Shuichan Xuebao19(2): 120-126.

Mani K and Saxena PK (1985) Effect of safe concentrations of some pesticides on ovarian recrudescence in the freshwater murrel, Channa punctatus (Bl.): A quantitative study. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety9(3): 241-249.

Marchand J, Quiniou L, Riso R, Thebaut MT and Laroche, J (2004) Physiological cost of tolerance to toxicants in the European flounder Platichthys flesus, along the French Atlantic Coast. Aquatic Toxicology70(4): 327-343.

McGeer JC, Niyogi S and Scott Smith D (2012) Cadmium. In Homeostasis and Toxicology of Non-Essential Metals. Volume 31B, Eds., Wood CM, Farrel AP and Brauner CJ, Elsevier, Oxford, UK, pp: 125-184.

Mukherjee D, Kumar V and Chakraborti P (1994) Effect of mercuric chloride and cadmium chloride on gonadal function and its regulation in sexually mature common carp Cyprinus carpioBiomedical and Environmental Sciences, 7(1):13-24.

Rajan P and Kuzhivelil BT (2015) Cadmium induced histopathological changes in the testis of the fresh water fish, Rasbora dandiaJournal of Global Biosciences4(7): 2808-2813.

Ram R and Sathyanesan AG (1983) Effect of mercuric chloride on the reproductive cycle of the teleostean fish Channa punctatusBulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology30(1):24-27.

Robinson CD, Brown E, Craft JA, Davies IM, Megginson C, Miller C and Moffat, CF (2007) Bioindicators and reproductive effects of prolonged 17β-oestradiol exposure in a marine fish, the sand goby (Pomatoschistus minutus). Aquatic Toxicology81(4): 397-408.

Sangalang GB and Freeman HC (1974) Effects of sublethal cadmium on maturation and testosterone and 11-ketotestosterone production in vivo in brook trout. Biology of Reproduction11(4): 429-435.

Scholz S and Klüver N (2009) Effects of endocrine disrupters on sexual, gonadal development in fish. Sexual Development3:136-151.

Segner H (2011) Reproductive and developmental toxicity in fishes. In Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology, Ed., Gupta RC, Academic press, pp: 1145-1166.

Silva A, Maduwage K and Pethiyagoda R (2010) A review of the genus Rasbora in Sri Lanka, with description of two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Fresh Waters21(1): 27-50.

Tchounwou PB, Yedjou CG, Patlolla AK and Sutton DJ (2012) Heavy metal toxicity and the environment. In Molecular, Clinical and Environmental Toxicology, Ed. Luch A, Springer, Basel : 133-164.

Thomas P (1993) Effects of cadmium on gonadotropin secretion from Atlantic croaker pituitaries incubated in vitro. Marine Environmental Research35(1-2): 141-145.

Tilton SC, Foran CM and Benson WH (2003) Effects of cadmium on the reproductive axis of Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology136(3): 265-276.

Wendelaar Bonga SE (1997) The stress response in fish. Physiological Reviews77(3): 591-625.

Winemiller KO (1993) Seasonality of reproduction by live bearing fishes in tropical rainforest streams. Oecologia95(2): 266-276. 






    Origin & Evolution

    Print ISSN : 2320-7817 

    Online ISSN:2320-964X

    UGC Approved Journal No. 48951


    46, Guruwandan, Jawahar Nagar, 

    VMV Road, Amravati- 444604

    Maharashtra, India.

    Tel  + 91- 9970559438  |   9420775527  

    Email: |