Image description

Published yearly: 

4 Issues

______________________

ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)

______________________

Editor-in-Chief

Dr. Santosh Pawar 


INDEXED IN

RESEARCH ARTICLE

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2018; 6(1): 69-78       |                 Available online, February 24, 2018

Yield improvement of cow pea through demonstration of improved variety (Bekur) with improved production technologies in Tanqua-Abergelle and Saharti-Samre Districts, Tigray, Ethiopia

 

Tsegay Gebreselassie, Atsbha Gebreslassie and Hintsa Meresa

 

Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Abergelle Agricultural Research Center P.O.Box 44, Abi-Adi, Tigray, Ethiopia

*Corresponding author: Tsegay Gebreselassie, Email: tsegaymik@gmail.comTel: +251914774488

Received : 25.10.2017     |   Accepted : 29.01.2018    |         Published : 24.02.2018

This demonstration was conducted in 2016/17 production season in two purposively selected major cow pea producing areas namely Hadnet and Nebar-Hadnet kebelles from Tanqau-Abergelle and Saharti-Samre districts, respectively. The major objective of this research was to demonstrate high yielding improved cow pea variety so as to increase productivity of cow pea. The specific objectives were to estimate partial budget analysis and collect farmers’ perception on improved cow pea variety versus local cultivar. For this study, 35 sample farmers (18 from Hadnet and 17 from Nebar-Hadnet) kebelles were purposively selected based on their willingness to participate in cow pea demonstration. The average grain yield obtained from the improved cow pea variety and local cultivar at Hadnet and Nebar-Hadnet kebelles/locations were (10.61 and 14.06 qt/ha) and (7.17 and 9.1 qt/ha), respectively. These shows 47.9% and 54.5% grain yield increment over the local cultivar, respectively. The average straw yield obtained from the improved cow pea variety and local cultivar at Hadnet and Nebar-Hadnet kebelles/locations were (28.64 and 33.38 qt/ha) and (26.58 and 30.35 qt/ha), respectively. These shows 7.8% and 9.9% straw yield increment over the local cultivar, respectively. The average gross income generated from grain and straw yield of improved cow pea variety and local cultivar at Hadnet and Nebar-Hadnet kebelles/locations were (14,045.04 and 17,079.98 ETB/ha) and (9,642.84 and 11,075.79 ETB/ha), respectively. These shows 45.7% and 54.2% gross income increment over the local cultivar, respectively. The partial budget analysis results indicate that improved cow pea technology was highly profitable compared to local cultivar in both kebelles/locations. Based on farmers’ perception analysis result, except the attribute of straw yield, most of the respondents had favored the improved cow pea variety (Bekur) in its grain yield, maturity, pods per plant, seeds per pod, seed uniformity, seed color, marketability, pests resistance, taste of food and time of cooking than the local cultivar (Adengur). Hence, farmers should produce high yielding and early maturing improved cowpea variety that can generated more income instead of producing low yielding, late maturing and less income generating local cow pea cultivar. Besides, further popularization and scaling out of the improved cow pea variety (Bekur) in a similar agro-ecology should be done by the research center and office of agriculture and rural development of the respective districts.

 

Key words: Cultivar, demonstration, gross income, improved, partial budget analysis

 

_________________________________________________________________________

Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan

___________________________________________________________________________________ 

Cite this article as:

Tsegay Gebreselassie, Atsbha Gebreslassie and Hintsa Meresa (2018) Yield improvement of cow pea through demonstration of improved variety (Bekur) with improved production technologies in Tanqua-Abergelle and Saharti-Samre Districts, Tigray, Ethiopia, Int. J. of. Life Sciences, Volume 6(1): 69-78. 

____________________________________________________________________________


Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

____________________________________________________________________________

 

Copyright: © 2018 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derives License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

_________________________________________________________________________

 

CIMMYT (International for Wheat and Maize improvement center), 1988. From Agronomic Data to Farmer Recommendations: An economic training manual. Mexico, D.F. CIMMYT.


Dereje Negatu, Teshome Girma and Amare Abebe, 1995. Lowland pulses improvement in Ethiopia. pp. 41-47. In: Twenty-five years of research experience in lowland crops. Proceedings of the 25th Anniversary of Nazreth Research Center. Melkassa, Ethiopia. pp 22-23.


Fatokum, A.C.2002. Breeding cow pea for resistance to insect pests, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria, pp 52-61.

Onwueme, I. C., and Sinha, T. D., 1991. Field Crop Production in Tropical Africa CTA, Ede, The Netherlands.

Oritiz, R. 1998. Cow pea from Nigeria: A Silent Food Revolution. Outlook on Agriculture.27(2):125-128


SSDOoARD (Tanqua-Abergelle District Office of Agricultural and Rural Development), 2015. Annual Report. Unpublished report.


TADOoARD (Tanqua-Abergelle District Office of Agricultural and Rural Development), 2015. Annual Report. Unpublished report.

 

IJLSCI EVENTS

ADVERTISEMENT

 
















    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF

    LIFE SCIENCES

    Origin & Evolution

    Print ISSN : 2320-7817 

    Online ISSN:2320-964X

    UGC Approved Journal No. 48951


    EDITORIAL OFFICE

    46, Guruwandan, Jawahar Nagar, 

    VMV Road, Amravati- 444604

    Maharashtra, India.

    Tel  + 91- 9970559438  |   9420775527  

    Email: editor@ijlsci.in | editorijlsci@gmail.com