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Published yearly: 

4 Issues


ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)



Dr. Santosh Pawar 




Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2018; 6(2): 586-604      |                 Available online, April 27, 2018

A Review on Aerial Display, Nest site selection, Nest Defense, Courtship display, Copulation, Parental care: key events of vultures during Breeding, threats and Management


Yadav Ruby, Adesh Kumar and Amita Kanaujia


Biodiversity & Wildlife Conservation Lab, Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007

Uttar Pradesh, India


Received : 21.01.2018   |    Accepted : 23.03.2018       |    Published : 27.04.2018

One of the fascinating aspects of the life of birds is their breeding phase, which is ultimately tied to the distribution and abundance of food resources in their environment. Breeding is one of the major components, which determine the specific contribution to its gene pool. Breeding is not only determined by gonadal activity but also by the availability of food resources, specific requirements for nesting and nest site. To understand the breeding behavior of vulture we searched for papers, review articles, thesis, Books, websites etc. In this review, we focus on the all behavioral events of breeding in vultures. For successful nesting there is the specific requirement of nesting is the selection of nest site, selection of comfortable nesting material and their arrangement in the nest to maintain the shape of the nest, egg laying, feeding to juvenile, parental care till fledgling fledge. Sometimes nest construction process delaying by Heavy rainfall, high wind speed, photoperiodic. Breeding is the necessary contribution of nature to prove their existence in the world. Now day’s impact of human disturbance, splitting of stone and cracks, cutting of mature trees, diclofenac, food unavailability, and predator are the crucial factors for the breeding of vultures. To solve this problem we need to establish artificial feeding stations, convert natural vulture habitat into protected areas, save the mature tree and tall tree, Develop various kinds of community awareness programs.


Keywords : Nest Defense, Courtship display, Parental care, Vulture



Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan


Cite this article as:

Yadav Ruby, Adesh Kumar and Amita Kanaujia (2018) A Review on Aerial Display, Nest site selection, Nest Defense, Courtship display, Copulation, Parental care: key events of vultures during Breeding, threats and Management, Int. J. of. Life Sciences, Volume 6(2): 586-604. 



Extend my earnest thanks to the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh Forest Department. Author thanks to the Head Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow. I wish to thank Biodiversity &Wildlife Conservation Lab, Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow.  


Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.



Copyright: © 2018 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derives License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.



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