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ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

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Dr. Santosh Pawar 




Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2018; 6(2): 605-614      |                 Available online, April 27, 2018

Study on human-macaque conflict in the Hosanagara taluk of Shivamogga district, Karnataka

Vijaya Kumara and Lewis Diandra 


Department of PG Studies and Research in Wildlife and Management, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta – 577451, Karnataka  Email: |09448206428

Received : 15.02.2018   |   Accepted : 02.04.2018 | Published : 27.04.2018

The bonnet macaque (Macaca radiata) is one of the intelligent, adaptive creatures, it is becoming increasingly difficult to prevent their entry into agricultural lands, and although several unique measures have been conceived to deter them from raiding the crops, the monkeys have invariably found a way around them. To quantify the conflict situation associated with this animal, the study was carried out in Hosanagar Taluk of Shimoga district during April 2016 to March 2017. The villages within this taluk being largely agriculture-dependent, and the forest area being vast enough that three forest ranges pass through it, humans and wildlife come in contact with each other on a regular basis. The objective behind the study was to document and quantify the impact of the man-monkey conflict in the area, to determine the possible causes of the conflicts and to encourage management to take steps that would reduce the severity and frequency of future conflicts. Data was collected by questionnaire survey and direct observation. Most of the farmers interviewed own less than 10 acres of farmland (76.19%), with only a few having more than 10 acres (23.80%). The maximum area of land owned is 27 acres, with 1 acre being the minimum. Farmers have come up with several techniques to keep monkeys from raiding their crops. Of these, the most commonly employed measure is the use of dogs (90.47%). At least one dog was observed in nearly every household. Nets or fencing (85.71%) and/or Ibex fences (66.66%) are set up by all respondents as they serve the dual purpose of keeping animals away and acting as a boundary. The other methods of chasing away monkeys involve use of stones and loud sounds. Guns are the least common, owned by only 19.04% of the respondents. Approximately 86% of the respondents viewed the macaques as pests, and about 38% considered them to be sacred. Most of the people in this group had a mixed opinion of the monkeys, considering them to be god, but the loss they incur leading them to believe they are also pests. Very few of the people interviewed (9%) felt that the monkeys were harmless and that the issue was manageable on their farms. The human and bonnet macaque conflict situations such as crop damage, house raids, infrastructure damage and Aggressive behaviour was recorded and  mitigation methods, possible causes for the conflict, official perspective and over all opinion elucidated in detail.


Key words: Human-monkey conflict, Plantation crops, bonnet macaque.


Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan


Cite this article as:

Vijaya Kumara and Lewis Diandra  (2018) Study on human-macaque conflict in the Hosanagara taluk of Shivamogga district, Karnataka, Int. J. of. Life Sciences, Volume 6(2): 605-614. 



I thank University Grants Commission, Western Region, Pune, India for providing the financial support. I also thank the College for providing the laboratory facilities.


Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.



Copyright: © 2018 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derives License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.


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