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ISSN: 2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

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Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2018; 6(2): 615-625      |                 Available online, April 27, 2018

Selective comparison of repellent activity with Contact toxicity of certain essential oils against different insect orders

 


Aravind Gopal and Benny PJ

 

Department of Chemistry, St. Thomas College, Arunapuram, Pala, Kerala 686574

Email: arvndg@gmail.com benny.zool@stcp.ac.in

Received : 28.03.2018    |      Accepted : 17.04.2018    |    Published : 27.04.2018

Elletaria cardamom, Merremia vitifolia and Peperomia pellucida Essential oils were tested against insects of 6 orders viz. Coleoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Isoptera and Lepidoptera. And were found to be effective contact toxins. For the test, a slightly modified Impregnated paper assay was used in which Absolute lethal surface concentration and duration of the test was recorded. Based on this and other parameters the toxicity potential and insect strength were compared using new indices. It was found that Merremia vitifolia essential oil was the most powerful contact toxin.  Among tested Insects, Coleoptera pests of stored products was the strongest followed by larvae of Lepidoptera. While Pyrrhocoridae family was the weakest one. The contact toxicity of Peperomia pellucida essential oil was slightly lower than that of the positive control, Elletaria cardamom essential oil. Comparing contact toxicity with the potential of chemical sensitivity using certain indices, it was found that there was a huge increase in the insecticidal potential of the essential oils, when used as a repellent.

 

Keywords: Elletaria cardamom, Merremia vitifolia, Peperomia pellucida,  Absolute lethal concentration, Chemical sensitivity, Comparative Insecticidal activity.

 

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Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan

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Cite this article as:

Aravind Gopal and Benny PJ (2018) Selective comparison of repellent activity with Contact toxicity of certain essential oils against different insect orders, Int. J. of. Life Sciences, Volume 6(2): 615-625. 

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Acknowledgement

I thank University Grants Commission, Western Region, Pune, India for providing the financial support. I also thank the College for providing the laboratory facilities.

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Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright: © 2018 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derives License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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