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RESEARCH ARTICLE

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Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2018; 6(4): 831 -848      |                 Available online, December 22, 2018

Response of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) as Affected by NP Fertilizer and Farmyard Manure Combined Application in Raya Azebo District, Northern Ethiopia

 Kassa Melese1*, Wassu Mohammed2 and Gebre Hadgu3

 

1Horticulture Researcher at Alamata Agricultural Research Center) Mekelle University CASCAPE Project, PO Box 231, Mekelle, Ethiopia

2Plant Breeding Instructor and Researcher at Haramaya University,

3Plant Agronomy Researcher in Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Po.box 492 Mekelle, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author Email: Kassahu125@gmail.com  |  Cell phone: +251 912724178

 

Received : 21.08.2018  |   Accepted : 30.11.2018  |    Published : 22.12.2018

Productivity of hot pepper in Ethiopia is low due to lack of improved varieties, poor cultural practices and the prevalence of diseases. This research is conducted to assess the effect of NP fertilizer application and Farmyard Manure on productivity and economic feasibility of Marako Fana pepper variety in Raya Azebo district, Northern Ethiopia. Thecombination of 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of nationally recommended NP and 10 t ha-1 FYM as well as four control treatments (unfertilized, 100% FYM, 100% NP and blended fertilizer/NPS) were used in this study. The national recommendation of NP fertilizer was 82 kg N+92 kg P2O5 ha-1 while the highest FYM application as sole fertilizer was 10 t ha-1. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. All other management practices were   implemented as per national recommendation for the variety. The crop phenology, growth and yield components were significantly influenced by treatment combinations and blended fertilizer application. More specifically, an application of 50 % of the recommended NP fertilizer combined with 5 t ha-1 FYM as well as the 75 and 100% NP rates in combinations with 2.5 and 5 t ha-1 FYM gave significantly maximum total dry fruit yield ranging from 2.25 to 2.50 t ha-1. However, the application of half rates of recommended NP in combination with 5 t ha-1FYM produced significantly the maximum total and marketable dry fruit yield of 2.495 and 2.375t ha-1. It is recommended to apply an integrated fertilizer management approach. Furthermore, as the study had conducted at one location for a single season, it is also recommended to repeat the study across representative locations of the district both under rain fed and irrigation conditions.

 

Keywords: Pepper, Marako Fana, NP, FYM, blended fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer

 

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Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan

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Cite this article as:

Kassa Melese, Wassu Mohammedand Gebre Hadgu (2018) Response of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) as Affected by NP Fertilizer and Farmyard Manure Combined Application in Raya Azebo District, Northern Ethiopia. Int. J. of. Life Sciences, Volume 6(4): 831-848. 

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Acknowledgement

All the authors are very thankful to Principal, Janata Mahavidyalaya, Chandrapur for providing the full research facilities to conduct the present work.


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Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright: © 2018 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derives License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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