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RESEARCH ARTICLE

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Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2019; 7(1): 1-9      |                   Available online, March 27, 2019

Antibacterial potential of liquid hand soap with Piper aduncum leaf extract

Alea Ester T. Ordoyo1 and Melbert C. Sepe2

 

1Student, Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science and Mathematics, Western Mindanao State University, Zamboanga City, 7000 Philippines

2Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science and Mathematics, Western Mindanao State University, Zamboanga City, 7000 Philippines

Corresponding author. Email: melbertsepe@gmail.com

 

Received: 16.01.2019   |   Accepted: 17.03.2019     |    Published: 27.03.2019

Liquid soaps containing antimicrobial active ingredients take away more bacteria as compared to plain soaps. This study was conducted to formulate a liquid hand soap with P. aduncum leaf extract as an organic antibacterial component. The physico-chemical properties was evaluated to determine the quality, efficiency, and cleansing properties of the liquid soap. The antibacterial potential was measured using the disc diffusion method. The pH values of the different formulated liquid hand soaps are within the accepted pH range of 8.5-10.5. In foam retention capacity, the 25% concentration of P. aduncum has the longest time duration of 110 minutes whereas the 75% concentration of P. aduncum has the shortest time duration of 75 minutes. Results revealed that the zone of inhibition of commercial liquid hand soap significantly vary as compared to the formulated liquid hand soaps with P. aduncum crude extract. However, among the formulated liquid hand soaps with P. aduncum crude extract, it all exhibited antibacterial activity in terms of zone of inhibition up to 16 hours, but not as greater as the commercial liquid hand soap. It was therefore proven that P. aduncum crude extract is not effective as an antibacterial component in the formulation of liquid hand soap.

 

Keywords: Aseptic technique, Bacterial growth, Disc diffusion test, Saponification, Zone of inhibition

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Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan

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Cite this article as:

Alea Ester T. Ordoyo and Melbert C. Sepe (2019) Antibacterial potential of liquid hand soap with Piper aduncum leaf extract, Int. J. of. Life Sciences, Volume 7(1): 1-9. 

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Professor Soledad P. Salazar for her expertise and guidance to this study; the Chemistry Department in College of Science and Mathematics, Western Mindanao State University, Zamboanga City for the usage of rotary evaporator on crude extraction; and the Regional Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (RADDL), Zamboanga City for the evaluation of antibacterial assay.

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Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright: © 2019 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derives License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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