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ISSN: 2320-7817  (Print)

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REVIEW ARTICLE

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Int. Journal of Life Sciences, 2019; 7(1): 133-139         |                   Available online, March 31, 2019

Microbially induced calcite precipitation through urolytic organisms – A Review  

Gondaleeya Shraddha and Marjadi Darshan



Shree Ramkrishna Institute Computer Education & Applied Sciences, MTB Campus, Athwalines, Surat- 395001, Gujarat.
Email: shraddhagondaliya4@gmail.com 

 

Received : 22.02.2019    |   Accepted : 26.03.2019   |    Published : 31.03.2019

Bio cementation is a novel process in a geotechnical engineering that deal with the application of microbiological activity to improve the properties of soil. The most common process is through microbiologically induced calcite precipitation (MICP). This technique also known as bio mineralization process in which urolytic bacteria hydrolyzes urea via metabolic pathway through various reactions which raises the pH of the system. In the presence of the calcium ions, as pH shifts the saturation state of the system, which allowing the solid calcium carbonate formation. The ubiquity and importance of microbes in inducing calcite precipitation make “Bio cement” a most important metabolic product of Bio mineralization. This review presents the detailed mechanism of bio calcite production, factor effect on the formation bio calcite, list of organisms involves in formation of bio calcite, and their application in various field. Finally, we discuss about the advantages and disadvantages of Bio cement.    

 

Keywords: Bio mineralization, Carbonate precipitation, Urolysis, Bio cementation, Bioconsolodation. 

 

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Editor: Dr.Arvind Chavhan

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Cite this article as:

Gondaleeya Shraddha and Marjadi Darshan (2019) Microbially induced calcite precipitation through urolytic organisms – A Review, Int. J. of. Life Sciences, Volume 7(1): 133-139. 

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Conflicts of interest: The authors stated that no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright: © 2019 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial - No Derives License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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