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Life Sciences

IJLSCI

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REVIEW ARTICLE 

Volume 2 | Issue 2 |  June 2014 


Page Nos. 179- 184

Date of Online 30 June, 2014

 

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NEWS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS

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CALL FOR PAPERS

IJLSCI Vol. 5 (4) December 2017

Last Date for article submission

October 25, 2017

Email your Valuable Research to

 editorijlsci@gmail.com OR editor@ijlsci.in

  

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Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) – A silent killer

 

Kaur Rupinder

 

Department of Zoology, G. N. Khalsa College, Mumbai, India.


Address for correspondence Email: rupindaar@yahoo.co.in

 

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ABSTRACT

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Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) is a form of air pollution which is twice as deadly as all other types of air pollution combined together.ETSrefers to exposure to tobacco smoke from someone else's cigarette, cigar, or pipe smoke. Breathing inETSis known as passive smoking, second-hand smoke -SHS, or involuntary smoking. Although majority of Indians are fully aware of the health risks associated with smoking, but the fact that exposure to tobacco smoke released by someone else is also harmful is little known. As a result million of non smokers in India are slowly and silently being exposed to deadly levels ofETS. Tobacco smoke consists of 10% solid particles-tar & nicotine and 90% gases mainly carbon monoxide and carcinogens such as formaldehyde and vinyl chloride. Safe level of exposure toETShas not yet been determined; however the exposure levels can be evaluated by estimating carboxy hemoglobin or cotinine levels in blood/urine or level of nicotine in hair. The harmful effects ofETSinclude cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, lung cancer, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, middle ear infection, eye irritation, sore throat etc, Non-smokers living with smokers or those working in smoky atmosphere for long periods, asthma sufferers, pregnant women and children are more prone to health risks associated withETS. Although stringent legislations exist in India but there is urgent need to strictly implement them. This along with mass awareness campaigns via media and educational institutes can help to achieve the goal of Smoke free India. The paper presents an appraisal of various aspects ofETSwith special reference to India.

 

Keywords: Environmental Tobacco Smoke, Second hand smoke, Legislation, Awareness, India

 © 2014 |IJLSCI

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ARTICLE INFO

Received: 04 March, 2014  |  Revised: 06 April, 2014  |  Revised Received: 11 April 2014

Accepted :17 May, 2014   |  Published :30 June, 2014

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Editor: Dr. Arvind Chavhan 

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Cite this article as:

Kaur Rupinder (2014) Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) – A silent killer, Int. J. of Life Sciences, 2(2): 179-184. 

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Copyright: ©  2014 | Kaur Rupinder, This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial- No Derivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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