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Life Sciences

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Volume 2 | Issue 3 |  September 2014 


Page Nos. 201- 206.

Date of Online 30 September, 2014

 

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AM fungal association in the Rhizosphere soil of some Pteridophytic plant species in Valparai Hills, Western Ghats of Tamilnadu, India


Santhoshkumar S* and Nagarajan N

 

Post Graduate and Research Department of Botany, Kongunadu Arts and Science College (Autonomous), Coimbatore- 641 029, Tamilnadu, India


*Corresponding author: santhosh.biology@gmail.com

 

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ABSTRACT

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In the present study to investigate the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal colonization in the rhizosphere soil of some pteridophyte plant species. Soil samples were collected during the month of September 2013 from the surface to 30 cm depth and pH was analyzed. Rhizosphere soil root of 12 pteridophytic plant species belonging to 7 families were investigated. The result showed that the mycorrhizal populations, such as Glomus species were found dominate followed by Acaulospora, Sclerocystis, Entrophospora and Gigaspora. The maximum spore population was found in the rhizosphere of Adiantum capillus-veneris (640.20 /100 g soil) belongs to the family Adiantaceae and the least spore population was observed in the Adiantum radianum (130.90 /100g of soil). The highest (81.36 %) AM fungal infection found in roots of Angiopteris evecta belongs to the family Angiopteridaceae. The lowest (21.11 %) AM fungal association was found in the root of Pteris biaurita belongs to the family Pteridaceae. In conclusion the AM fungi are associated with pteridophyte plants in naturally for beneficially both of them. AM fungal may be increase the yield of agricultural crops and soil fertility.

 

Keywords: Pteridophytes, Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Adiantum capillus-veneris, Glomus species.

 

 © 2014 |IJLSCI

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ARTICLE INFO

Received: 06 May, 2014    |    Revised : 18 June, 2014   |   Revised received: 06 August, 2014

Accepted: 08 September  |    Published: 30 September, 2014

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Editor: Dr. Arvind Chavhan 

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Cite this article as:

Santhoshkumar S and Nagarajan N (2014) AM fungal association in the Rhizosphere soil of some Pteridophytic plant species in Valparai Hills, Western Ghats of Tamilnadu, India, Int. J. of Life Sciences, 2(3): 201-206.

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Copyright: ©  2014 | Santhoshkumar and Nagarajan, This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial- No Derivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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