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Life Sciences

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Volume 2 | Issue 4 |  December 2014 


Page Nos. 350- 354

Date of Online 30 December, 2014

 

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Phytoaccumulation of Heavy metals in Contaminated Soil using Makoy (Solenum nigrum L.) and Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) plant

 

Mani Dinesh, Mourya Vishv Kumar*, Pathak Neeraj and Balak Shiv

 

Shila Dhar Institute of Soil Science,  Department of Chemistry, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, India.

*Corresponding author Email: vishv0007@gmail.com

 

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ABSTRACT

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It is a common practice for farmers in India to use soils in municipal waste dump sites as fertile soil for the cultivation of a variety of leafy vegetables and the soils are also used as ‘compost’ by farmers without regards for the probable health hazards the heavy metal contents of such soils may purpose. This was the case of formers using the deserted dumpsite soil at Baxibandh municipal waste for their livelihood. It was concern that prompted the determination of heavy metals in the soil and control planting on Sheila Dhar Institute of Soil Science farm and that of the Makoy (Solenum nigrum L.) plant used to inactivate metals in dump soil. The concentration of heavy metal in the edible part of Spinach vegetable from the dump site and control: Pb (12.4-1.2 mg kg-1); Cd (0.65-0.26 mg kg-1) Zn (44.8-24.6 mg kg-1); Cu (24.2-11.8 mg kg-1) and Cr (0.08-0.04mg kg-1), respectively. The concentration of heavy metals in Makoy (Solenumnigrum L.) plant is Pb (45.6mg kg-1); Cd (1.44 mg kg-1) Zn (92.6mg kg-1); Cu (28.8 mg kg-1) and Cr (0.81mg kg-1) in Buxibandh dumpsite soil. The levels of heavy metals in the dumpsite soil and the soil after harvesting the makoy (Solenum nigrum L.) plant are Pb (116.4 -50.64mg kg-1); Cd (3.26-1.86 mg kg-1) Cr (2.24-1.72mg kg-1); Zn (184.4-108.6 mg kg-1) and Cu (58.2-24.24mg kg-1), respectively. The spinach species from the dump soil accumulates more heavy metals than that of the control. The level of heavy metals in dump soil decreases rapidly after harvesting the makoy (Solenum nigrum L.) plant.


Key words: Heavy metals, vegetable crop plants, dumpsite, Phytoaccumulation.

 

 © 2014 |IJLSCI

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ARTICLE INFO

Received: 06 July, 2014   |   Revised : 20 November, 2014   |   Revised received: 01 December, 2014

Accepted: 05 December, 2014   |   Published :30 December, 2014

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Editor: Dr. Arvind Chavhan 

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Cite this article as:

Mani Dinesh, Mourya Vishv Kumar, Pathak Neeraj and Balak Shiv (2014) Phytoaccumulation of Heavy metals in Contaminated Soil using Makoy (Solenum nigrum L.) and Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) plant, Int. J. of Life Sciences, 2(4): 350-354

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Copyright: ©  2014 | Author(s), This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial- No Derivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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