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Life Sciences

ISSN  2320-964X (Online) 

ISSN 2320-7817  (Print)

Type - Quarterly 

 

Original Research

   Year 2013 |  Vol. 1 | Issue 4 | Page Nos. 248-263

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Distribution of micro-fungal propagules in storage on seeds of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.

BHAJBHUJE MN


Seed Pathology Laboratory, Department of Botany, Jawaharlal Nehru Mahavidyalaya, Wadi, Nagpur-23 (M.S.) India.
*Address for Correspondance email: dr_mnbhajbhuje@rediffmail.com

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Seed is a symbol and foundation of life as it is a container of embryos of a new generation and vehicle for the spread of new life. The high level seed moisture content, relative humidity and suitable temperature support the fungal microbes to contaminate essential seed components causing multi fold losses. A total of twenty seed samples of five cultivars of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. obtained from various locations of Central India (Vidarbha), were mycologicaly analyzed by standard seed health testing technique revealed the prevalence of 49 diverse fungal species belonging to 29 genera from mixed seed samples, with higher count of species and percent incidence for Fusarium and Aspergillus followed by Curvularia (55%), Alternaria (42%) Rhizoctonia (33%) while others had moderate to low incidence. Deuteromycota contributed highest, 46.9% fungal count followed Ascomycota (38.9%); Zygomycota and Oomycota (6.1%). A least count was recorded with Basidiomycota. Aspergillus nidulans, A. sulphureus, A. ochracious, A. amstelodomi, Fusarium moniliformae, F. semitectum, Geotrichum candidus, Paecilomyces varioti, Penicillium oxalicum and Sporotrichum pulverulentum have been recorded on tomato seeds for the first time in India.
Deuteromycota contributed more than half, 52.1% incidence followed by Ascomycota (35.1%);
Zygomycota (5.9%) and Oomycota (5.2%) while Basidiomycota contributed little incidence. A total of 28 to 36 isolates belongs to 19 to 23 genera were confined to individual cultivar seeds. Alternaria porri, A. solani, Aspergillus flavus, A. fumigatus, A. niger, Botrytis cinera, Cladosporium tenuissium, Colletotrichum dematium, Curvularia lunata, Didymella lycopersici, Fusarium moniliformae, F. lycopersici and Phytophthora infestans were appeared to be common on seeds of all cultivars as
external and internal seed borne pathogens. Drachslera rostrata, Fusarium culmorum, F. equiseti,
Rhizopus stolonifer, Rhizoctonia solani were confined to blotter paper while Chaetomium globosum,
Curvularia ovoides, Fusarium solani, Geotrichum candidum were restricted to agar plating. Greatest
count of fungal isolates and percent incidence was recorded by blotter test against agar plating. The standard blotter technique proved superior over agar plating.

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Received : September 15, 2013 

Revised: Oct 21, 2013

Final Accepted: November 5, 2013

Date of Online Before Print: December 30, 2013

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Editor : Dr. Arvind Chavhan

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